The perks of artificial intelligence (AI) can not be summed up in simple words. From healthcare to lifestyle, from transportation to communication, from AI in the workplace to home interiors, from AI in disaster management to AI in customer services, AI has a widespread network.
From the last few decades, AI is transforming the global justice delivery system too. In this blog we will read about the role AI serves in delivering criminal justice. We will also see its applications specifically in Indian forces and police.
Before jumping to the main topic let us understand the meaning of criminal justice.
Criminal justice is basically defined as a justice delivering system. It delivers justice to the people who have committed crimes or suffered from the same. Different countries have rules for delivering criminal justice. Government agencies and different intelligence institutions do this purpose. Criminal justice agencies include police, law enforcement agencies, prison officers, and courts.
(Suggested blog - AI in music)
AI is the phenomenon of the evolution of machines. The machines are embedded with technologies and concepts in such a way that they can mimic the human brain and help in decision making. In simple words, the way through which machines can also think like humans is the process of artificial intelligence.
AI right now is all set to bring evolution in business data. With certain abilities such as analyzing vast amounts of data, decision intelligence, business insights, forecasting models, predictive analysis, there is a possibility of artificial intelligence going beyond human capability.
AI in criminal justice has a very crucial role. We’ve listed some of the advantages the technology holds in criminal justice.
AI technologies provide deeper insights of the data. It sticks to the minor information that humans miss sometimes.
Deeper insights provide future predictions of the gathered data. The AI algorithms help to analyze large data sets to find solutions and future predictions.
Forensic psychology is one of the major advantages of AI. Forensics are used by law enforcement agencies to trace the culprit through biological data and AI.
By maintaining the data, legal terms, and old records. AI makes the process of criminal justice quite simpler and quicker.
AI helps in post-conviction stages too. It provides automation of security in cells and prisons. And at the same time, it assists in the rehabilitation of criminals. It helps in tracking the prisoners and notifying guards in the case of emergencies.
For example, the Yancheng prison, which is a facility operated by China’s Ministry of Justice, has got cameras installed in each cell aiming to make use of AI to track its inmates.
AI and its algorithms also assist in criminogenic needs. It determines the special way which can help the criminals by suggesting the best special way of treatment for them.
A jail in Finland, has a training scheme that uses AI based training algorithms. Artificial intelligence designs the different tasks for the prisoners as per their skills and thus helps them in learning new professions and jobs. These new learned skills help the prisoners to serve the society once their sentence period is over.
According to Stanford University, artificial intelligence predicts recidivism better than humans. AI algorithms sort the complexity of the criminal justice system and provide better decisions.
Risk assessment tools provide more accurate and precise results as compared to traditional methods of human judgment.
The decisions taken by AI algorithms are always transparent in nature. As compared to human decisions which can be biased sometimes.
The decisions and predictions done by AI algorithms are totally logical and based entirely on facts and data. Human decisions are sometimes driven by emotions and sentiments.
Biometrics is another advantage of AI. It supports attendance and recognition of the prisoners through biological identification features.
(Suggested blog - Latest innovations in AI)
AI has its legs in the following routes :
JARVIS, a video analytics platform, launched by Staqu, a Gurugram based startup in November 2019. JARVIS expands for Joint AI Research for Video Instances and Streams.
It mines CCTV footage and offers detection of several crimes such as violence, pick-pocketing. Currently, the company is working with eight states, including Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan, Bihar and Telangana.
Punjab police employed the Police AI System or PAIS in 2018. It assists the police with several features such as face search and text search. The technology also provides a database that can hold more than 1 lakh records of the criminals from the different jails across the state.
The UP police have been added to a database, named Trinetra, since 2018. The AI based application can hold the records of up to 5 lakhs criminals with facial recognition features.
Delhi police in collaboration with INNEFU labs employed a software in 2017. The software offers gait and body analysis. It also assists with facial recognition. The company provides facial biometrics at feasible prices.
Some other states like Odisha are also searching the AI software as per their requirements and have invited applications for the same.
(Check out - Best AI companies around the globe)
Its all not just a bed of roses, there also exist some limitations of AI in the criminal justice sector. The major limitations are as follows:
AI algorithms and decision intelligence is a complex process. Sometimes even the original creator himself is not aware of it. This limitation sometimes creates a major lag in the system.
No matter what the field, data privacy has always been a huge limitation of AI. AI and its algorithms risk the protection of individual’s data.
Justice every time can not be driven by facts and logic. Sometimes it needs to look at the emotional side of the story too. Here, AI and its technology are failures.
Not only in the justice delivery system. AI tools have been extended in detecting smuggling and other red flags like crimes. In past years, AI has curbed several illegal operations, including child related crimes too. And in the coming years AI is expected to grow more strong in the field crossing all the barriers and limitations.
Elasticity of Demand and its TypesREAD MORE
5 Factors Influencing Consumer BehaviorREAD MORE
What is PESTLE Analysis? Everything you need to know about itREAD MORE
An Overview of Descriptive AnalysisREAD MORE
What is Managerial Economics? Definition, Types, Nature, Principles, and ScopeREAD MORE
5 Factors Affecting the Price Elasticity of Demand (PED)READ MORE
Dijkstra’s Algorithm: The Shortest Path AlgorithmREAD MORE
6 Major Branches of Artificial Intelligence (AI)READ MORE
Scope of Managerial EconomicsREAD MORE
7 Types of Statistical Analysis: Definition and ExplanationREAD MORE
nashlucas33May 25, 2022
I AM LUCAS NASHVILLE, I AM PROUD TO TESTIFY ABOUT JOINING THE NEW WORLD ORDER. I JUST RECENTLY JOINED THE ORGANIZATION FROM SEYCHELLES AND I LIVE IN THE BAHAMAS NOW. PLEASE BEWARE!!! OF SO MANY FAKE POSTS ON HOW TO JOIN ILLUMINATI, I WAS SCAMMED SEVERAL TIMES TRYING TO JOIN THE ORGANIZATION. THE FAKE PEOPLE PROMISED ME MONEY, A CAR, AND A HOUSE BUT IT WAS ALL LIES. I LOST OVER €3500 UNTIL I FOUND A GENUINE WAY TO JOIN EASILY WITH THE HELP OF THE CITIZEN RECRUIT DEPARTMENT 666. AFTER JOINING THE NEW WORLD ORDER, I RECEIVED MY FIRST MONEY REWARD WHICH AMOUNTED TO €100,000 AFTER GOING THROUGH THE ILLUMINATI LOYALTY PROOF TEST WHICH I CAN EASILY SAY WAS SIMPLE AND WELL DONE. PLEASE BEWARE OF SO MANY FAKE POSTS ONLINE. Contact the genuine citizen outreach Department by email firstname.lastname@example.org WhatsApp or send a text to the recruiting Department here: +1 (647) 800-8405