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How is AI revolutionizing Architecture?

  • Jasmine
  • Sep 28, 2021
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How AI and Architecture work hand in hand


When architects bring their vision to life, it involves a lot of planning and implementation, which can prove to be an immensely tedious task, especially when practicality and creativity factor in. 


In the current scenario, we have seen a massive change in the architectural landscape wherein more contemporary, minimalistic, and modern designs are being incorporated. Artificial intelligence (AI) comes into play when it comes to practicality and planning. This blog shall elaborate on how. 


AI eases foundational tasks such as making a blueprint of the plan, creating models, budgeting, creating cost estimates, and building environmentally friendly structures. 


AI can also be of assistance on the construction front wherein there is usually manpower required. For instance, A revelation has been made, MIT constructing AI-powered drones to help construct minute to small architectural structures. 


Detailing the core task of AI instead of just assisting on different fronts, is that it can truly help with a major task such as city planning. Urban planning poses a plethora of challenges, especially, if remodification is taking place in an already urbanized city of sorts. 


( Recommended Blog: Virtual Reality in Architecture )



How AI solves Urban Planning challenges 

This infographic talks about the components of AI such as Traffic management, Urban planning challenges and how AI and Architecture complement each other

Components of AI and Architecture


Some main challenges thus posed can be aided by AI. One of them being:


When the physical blueprint is laid down to organize various elements, Architects can tap into AI systems to resolve major technical issues such as security, transportation while contributing to sustainable living. Let’s see how. 


  1. Sustainability 


This would contribute to the sustainable living goals, in particular, goal 11 put forward in the Sustainable Development Goals, sustainable cities. Now the only question remains, how? 


Now, this doesn’t necessarily mean interlacing cities with green spaces and an abundance of greenery, rather AI can direct architects to build channels that can Avert natural disasters. 


According to Indiai, carbon footprints can be calculated to fuel tenor modern processing hardware. This essentially means that through proportionality, a system of sorts can be programmed to analyze whether building a structure is directly proportional to the reduction in carbon footprint. 


At this juncture, there is an everlasting need for AI technicians to bring this vision to life and lead to better implementation and structured policymaking. 


The incorporation of AI might balance out city planning in the sense that we can get the best of both worlds. The incorporation of tech and city planning brought about the term smart cities. 


(Recommended Blog: Smart Cities)


According to business going digital, A "Smart City" is a city that uses information and communication technologies to boost economic growth, improve quality of life, and support governance. 


For example, a municipality might connect its transportation and energy grid systems, construct sensor-equipped energy-efficient buildings, and develop communications to improve healthcare, emergency, and other public services monitoring and access.



  1. AI and traffic management


Delving deeper, another imperative question that might crop up is due to the fact that we dug into the concept of smart cities- it only makes complete sense to think how this incorporation and establishment would be facilitated. Let me answer that for you. 


According to Pakt, whilst it gives the example of smart traffic management, one of the aspects in which AI can be deeply incorporated is Smart Traffic. 


Smart traffic solutions can be implemented using AI and IoT to ensure that residents of a smart city go from one point to another as safely and efficiently as feasible. 


The introduction of automated vehicles equipped with sensors can offer information on the vehicle's location and speed, as well as connect directly with smart traffic lights to avoid congestion. 


Furthermore, future traffic might be forecasted and used to avoid any prospective congestion utilising prior data. Anyone who lives in a city knows how difficult it is to obtain a parking spot, especially during the holidays. 


The challenge can be made easier with smart parking. Smart parking systems can assess whether parking places are free or occupied using road surface sensors installed in the ground on parking spots, and build a real-time parking map.


Let’s talk about a more micro concept: homes


Just like smart cities, it’s time you familiarize yourself with smart homes. Essentially, data-driven organisms. 


Apart from creating the ideal home, the architect will now have to consider not only how AI may be used to design the home, but also how AI can improve the user experience. AI will open the doors to smart homes, just as it has to smart cities: living places that are sophisticated live data-driven organisms.


As an architect, the task will be to integrate artificial intelligence into the home's design language in order to improve residents' lives.



Incorporating both AI and sustainability to build smart cities


According to interesting engineering, there are instances of positives on the environmental front with the help of AI.  


To hit the sweet spot where architecture and AI intersect, almost seeming like a dichotomy, Stanislas Chailion has penned this concept down as “framework”.


  1. Environmental - One of the most significant advantages of smart city development is that CO2 emissions will be reduced, and this will be the primary driver of the development of smart and sustainable cities. It would be achievable thanks to energy-efficient and environmentally friendly waste and traffic management, which helps to reduce pollution and clean up the environment.


( Suggested Read - AI in Climate Change )


Similarly, in smart cities, the power grid and smart water management are key aspects in generating energy while reducing pollution. This strategy also aids in the provision of safe drinking water and the preservation of our ecosystem.


  1. Sweet spot b/w architecture and AI : Our work straddles the divide between architecture and artificial intelligence. The first is the subject, while the second is the method. Both have been broken down into easy-to-understand categories. Here, architecture is defined as the meeting of Style and Organization.


On the one hand, we think of buildings as cultural vectors that represent a style through their geometry, taxonomy, typology, and decoration. Baroque, Roman, Gothic, Modern, and Contemporary are just a few of the architectural styles that can be discovered by looking at floor plans.



AI and smart cities: a detailed overview


According to aiplusinfo, AI and architecture play a straightforward role. Planning and construction are sped up with AI. You won't be able to complete these two chores in a single day. AI will generate models and data that will be useful. An estimating tool is what it's called.


You can also use the information to lay the groundwork. The AI aggregates complex data in milliseconds to assist you in creating the best conceptual design. It's ideal for easily creating variations. Essentially, it streamlines the entire construction process and saves time.


  1. Algorithms as a Tool for Better Design


 Buildings are becoming better as a result of algorithms. Algorithms can assist refine, inform, and develop unique ideas thanks to CAD (computer-aided design). Architects may now work with more unusual shapes thanks to AI.


Simply put, algorithms give architects a whole new set of tools to assist them to achieve their objectives and improve their ideas. The program uncovers hidden patterns and suggests new and existing structures.


 They are broadening architects' ability to think beyond the box and create extraordinary layouts.


  1. Design Systems That Are Smarter


Data always comes up with a better solution. That is something I cannot say I disagree with. Keep in mind that change is unavoidable. It might be abrupt and difficult to adjust to at times. It will be a welcomed opportunity for progress at other times.


 AI is applied in a variety of businesses, as I previously stated. It has the ability to gather large amounts of data and generate predictions based on that data. Companies are already employing technology to improve language processing, streamline processes, and complete repetitive activities, among other things.





AI: A Blessing or a Curse?


Architects frequently use historical construction, design, and building data to produce new concepts. Instead of putting their heads together to build something new, a computer is said to be able to use tonnes of past data in a nanosecond, give recommendations, and improve the architecture design process. 


An architect might readily explore and test multiple concepts at the same time with AI, sometimes even without the use of a pen and paper. An architect could also produce design alternatives using city or zone-specific data, building codes, and duplicate design data.