What is IoT? - Learn everything about the Internet of Things

  • Riya Kumari
  • Oct 23, 2020
  • Internet of Things
What is IoT? - Learn everything about the Internet of Things title banner

Internet of Things (IoT) has become a trend nowadays. Whether it is a laptop, smartphones, or even home appliances such as smart lights etc, every device is connected to the internet. In this way, people can operate the device easily with voice assistants or smartphones. The way this technology is developing, there may come a time shortly when every electrical device will be connected to the internet. This will make people's life much easier and convenient.


Artificial Intelligence (AI) and the Internet of Things (IoT) are two of the technologies which are rapidly growing day by day and it will lead to an extremely intelligent future.


“As the Internet of things advances, the very notion of a clear dividing line between reality and virtual reality becomes blurred, sometimes in creative ways.” – Geoff Mulgan


So, let's move further to know in detail about this rapidly growing IoT industry. This article will deal with the details about the Internet of Things, IoT in different sectors, the rapid growth of the IoT industry, its future, and several more things about the Internet of Things. Let's just start with the exact definition of IoT.


What is the Internet of Things?


You are reading this blog, so you must be using your mobile phone or laptop, or tablet, or desktop, so whatever the device is, it needs an internet connection. Now, we can't even think of surviving without an internet connection. It has become a vital part of our life. So, the term 'Internet of Things' is everywhere. In simple words, we can say that it means taking all the things in the nation and connecting them to the internet. IoT is very supportive, helpful and it has your back. 


Nowadays, IoT is becoming a burning topic among technology giants as it is advancing day by day. Thus, IoT alludes to an arrangement of interrelated, web associated objects that can gather and move information over a wireless network without human intervention. The publicity isn't groundless as there are sufficient confirmations to help the achievement of the "Internet of Things" in the coming years.


How fast IoT is growing?


The usage of the internet is rising at an extremely rapid speed and on an incredibly huge scale. We all know that the Internet is giving rise to more manageable work than before.

So, let's read how fast IoT is growing.


  • There is a possibility that by 2030 the number of connected IoT appliances will rise to 125 billion.

  • Presently a new EIU report which inspects the consequences of its own IoT Business Index study. It contains in-depth interviews with industry heads who have delineated exactly how much the IoT has evolved moderately short space of time.


“We are in a brave new world where not only do our children talk back to us, but so do our appliances.” – Mohammed Dastagir


  • The EIU research has found three aspects which are accountable for running the IoT’s rapid growth. They are an outbreak in smart-home commodities, powerful mobile machine-to-machine contacts, and immediate adoption in China.

  • Global Internet of Things demands size was rated at USD 164 billion in 2018. It is predicted to rise at a CAGR of 38.62% by 2025.

  • So, we just have to wait for two to four years and we will see the rapid advancement in the IoT industry. ( Related blog- Read this blog to know how AI is integrated with IoT?)


IoT in different sectors


Now, let's have a look at some applications of IoT in different sectors.


  1. Vehicle industry- It is one of the enterprises that profited after the introduction of IoT. Vehicle GPS framework and self-propelled vehicles are a portion of the instances of IoT in the car business. IoT permits car organizations to refresh the product and react to constant mechanical issues by empowering information correspondence framework. IoT assists in improving vehicle execution. We can stay away from mishaps or security risks by utilizing IoT in the car business. 


  1. Horticulture/AgroTech- IoT is likewise being utilized in the farming industry these days. The horticulture area is utilizing IoT gadgets or hardware that is associated with IoT, for example, brilliant water control siphons, synthetic level screens, and so forth. These shrewd types of gear are utilized to check the soil and air quality fit for horticulture. IoT in farming permits making constant changes and along these lines bringing adequacy up all the while. Ranchers are utilizing IoT strategy to deliver more and satisfy the interest of developing populaces. (Related article: 5 Types of Approaches and Technologies to Improve Agriculture Analytics)


  1. Assembling- IoT is certifiably not another idea for the assembling business. Many assembling plants are utilizing AI and keen sensors in their assembling cycle. Assembling units are utilizing IoT to streamline their assembling cycle, checking, and upkeep of hardware. IoT in assembling is utilized to follow industrial facility resources increment examination usefulness. Presently fabricating organizations are dealing with 'brilliant assembling' examples to upgrade the profitability and proficiency of assembling tasks. 


  1. Retail- The retail area has been changed because of IoT. It has changed from physical shopping to E-trade shopping. Presently individuals want to do web-based shopping instead of visiting stores. With the presentation of IoT in the retail area, markets are additionally adjusting their retail approach. For instance, retail locations are utilizing Bluetooth signals in their stores to bring their clients. These Bluetooth reference points empower stores to give area based administrations to their clients. When the client connects with a retailer application they can get data concerning explicit items and rebate on their cell phones.


  1. Medical care- IoT has expanded the lifesaving potential in the medical care area. It assists with improving the personal satisfaction of patients by empowering self-checking and the executives of wellbeing. For example, the emergency clinic staff gets alarms for fixing and upkeep of clinical gear, for example, MRI machine, ventilator machine, heart screen, and different gadgets by interfacing them to the web. It ends up being useful as working clinical gear can contrast life and demise. (Most related: What is the Role of Big Data in the Healthcare Industry?) 


  1. Account- The accounting industry is likewise getting a charge out of the advantages of IoT applications in banking and money. IoT has expanded the security of both the bank and the client also. It has presented numerous changes in the banking area like versatile banking, ATM, Smart money focuses, and so forth It has additionally permitted the client with cash move, money store, and other monetary exchange through portable or PC over the web. 


  1. Energy and Utility industry- The energy and utility area is additionally utilizing IoT innovation to improve results. IoT gadgets are utilized by oil and gas organizations to gauge penetrating lines. These gadgets enhance the cycle and limit the use by estimating the speed of the boring system. Brilliant energy network is a famous development that depends upon IoT gadgets that guarantee the correspondence between energy lattice and customers over a web association. Utilization of IoT innovation in the energy area set aside the cash as well as spare time and energy. 


  1. Transportation- IoT innovation is being utilized in the transportation and coordination industry to give better business encounters. GPS tracker is one of the instances of IoT arrangements in the transportation business. With the assistance of a GPS tracker, the client can watch out for the item that must be conveyed to him by interfacing the GPS tracker with a route framework in his cell phone. He can follow the area of the transportation medium. Delivery vehicles are associated with sensors to screen temperature that causes the organizations to guarantee that their payload is showing up in a sheltered condition. IoT arrangements are likewise used to screen how securely a driver is driving the vehicle. (Recommended blog: How is IoT being used by the ridesharing industry?)


  1. Keen homes and structures- IoT greatly affects private and business genuine bequests industry. The presentation of a savvy building is associated with IoT arrangements. The home robotization framework, shrewd entryway locks, keen warming frameworks, surveillance camera, and lightings are a portion of the instances of IoT in the land business.


  1. Cordiality- The presentation of IoT has changed the voyaging experience of individuals. The cordiality business is likewise utilizing IoT to improve the experience of their clients. They have begun to utilize facial acknowledgement frameworks that permit the supervisors to realize their clients before showing up and registration. Sensors and feeling acknowledgement cameras are the extraordinary advancements of IoT that help the lodging representatives to catch the feelings of their visitors and to know if they are ravenous and afterwards prescribe them food as per their decisions and inclinations. This will assist the representatives in making the custom suppers accessible to the client before they request it. (Related blog-  Role of IoT in the Manufacturing Industry)


Future of the Internet of Things


Want to know about the advanced future? Here, we will discuss the future of the Internet of Things or IoT. There is an expectation that in 2021, IoT and analytics income will rise to $520 billion. Bain has predicted this about the future of IoT. MTA anticipates that there will be 15 connected appliances per person by 2030.

This image is indicating some future expectations of IoT.

Some future expectations of IoT

So, we can see how experts are predicting the future of the Internet of Things, which is very bright and the future of IoT is likely to be limitless. In the coming days, we will be fully dependent on the internet as it is not just about connecting on mobile phones or laptops rather it is more than that. This is the link that reflects the Forecast end-user spending on IoT solutions worldwide from 2017 to 2025.


“With the IoT, we’re headed to a world where things aren’t liable to break catastrophically – or at least we’ll have a hell of a heads’ up. We’re headed to a world where our doors unlock when they sense us nearby.” – Scott Weiss




IoT is a very known term nowadays and in the future, we will see much more advancement in IoT. So, we can conclude by saying that the rapid growth in IoT is affecting every individual's life as well as several companies. In this area where developed technologies have been flowering at an incredible rate, IoT is moreover entangling. We just have to wait for much more development in the IoT industry and after that, we will see how it will make our lives much easier.