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What is Risk Assessment and Management?

  • Bhumika Dutta
  • Dec 21, 2021
What is Risk Assessment and Management? title banner

In the sphere of business, risks go hand in hand, and the business owner must be well acquainted with them to continue the business effectively. Risks, in general, frequently result in a different conclusion from the anticipated one, with the majority of them having a negative influence on the organization.


Risks cannot be avoided in any company since they might arise as a result of any occurrence or action. Effectively managed risks give avenues to success in a wide range of company industries, including healthcare, finance, accounting, technology, and supply chain.


Nonetheless, each organization must do a comprehensive evaluation of the risks that might jeopardize its operations. Risk management concepts may aid in proactively decreasing risk, improving safety, and maximizing the return on investment from safety initiatives. The focus of this article is on risk assessment and management.



Risk Assessment


A risk assessment is defined as a systematic process of detecting hazards and analyzing any related risks in the workplace, followed by the implementation of feasible control measures to eliminate or decrease such hazards. Risks can be caused by any of the following reasons, as written by IS Partners.


  • Uncertainty in the economy and financial markets.

  • Project failures can occur at any stage of the project life cycle, including design, development, manufacturing, and maintenance.

  • Legal ramifications.

  • There is a credit risk.

  • Natural or man-made disasters pose a threat.

  • Risks related to security and cybersecurity.

  • Uncertain or unpredictable occurrences, such as a pandemic, have an impact.

  • There is a danger of competition.

  • The ramifications of a company's tarnished reputation.

  • Risk of noncompliance.

  • The third-party risk that comes with relying on third-party vendors and suppliers


Risk Management


The macro-level process of assessing, analyzing, prioritizing, and devising a plan to reduce threats to an organization's assets and revenues is known as risk management


Within risk management, risk assessment is a meso-level activity. Its goal is to break down hazards into recognizable categories and identify all of each risk's potential consequences.


The discovery, analysis, appraisal, and prioritizing of present and potential hazards are all part of risk management. This enables businesses to handle loss exposures, track risk control, and manage financial resources to reduce the negative consequences of a prospective loss. Furthermore, a sound risk management plan allows them to optimize the realization of potential risk-avoidance possibilities. 


Importance of risk assessments:


The fundamental management tool in effective risk management is doing appropriate and sufficient risk assessments. It is a legal obligation for every employer who employs five or more individuals, and it must be recorded. Risk assessments are important because:


  1. It assesses the dangers that are present in the workplace and determines the health and safety of all employees.

  2. It assesses the efficacy and appropriateness of existing control methods.

  3. It guarantees that if the residual risk is deemed to be anything other than low, additional controls are performed.

  4. If necessary, it prioritizes more resources to ensure the aforementioned.


Types of risk assessments:


Risk assessments in the workplace should be proportional and relevant to the operational tasks that are being carried out. There are special statutory restrictions that apply in numerous businesses. 


A Control of Compounds Hazardous to Health Assessment (COSHH) should, for example, be done in situations where hazardous substances are utilized. Here are some of the common types of risk assessments, as sourced by bit safe:


  1. Fire risk assessments:


All businesses must have fire safety management systems in place, including an appropriate and sufficient fire risk assessment.


  1. Manual handling risk assessments:


Manual handling risk assessments should be undertaken in any job where an employee's health and/or safety may be jeopardized by the need to lift, carry, or transfer goods.


  1. Display Screen Equipment (DSE) risk assessment:


DSE examinations are necessary for workplaces where workers (and others) use computers, laptops, and other electronic devices.


  1. COSHH risk assessment:


COSHH risk assessments are needed in workplaces that store, utilize, or produce hazardous chemicals.


(Must read: AI in Risk management)


Five steps to risk assessment:


Worksmart has listed out five steps to carry out a workplace risk assessment, which we have listed below:


  1. Training employees to identify hazards:


Employers are responsible for assessing the health and safety hazards that their employees confront. The employer must check for any physical, mental, chemical, and biological dangers regularly. 


There can be physical, mental, chemical, and biological, including excess workload, psychological hazards, and other diseases. 


  1. Identify the victim:


The first step in determining who is in danger is to look at your own full- and part-time employees. 


Employers must also consider the dangers that agency and contract employees, visitors, clients, and other members of the public encounter while on their premises. Employers must assess work routines in all of their employees' diverse locations and situations.


  1. Evaluate the dangers and take action:


This implies that employers must examine the likelihood of each danger causing injury. This will let your company decide whether or not to minimize the amount of risk. 


Even when all safeguards have been taken, there is always a danger. Employers must determine if the risk is still high, medium, or low for each remaining danger.


  1. Keep records:


Employers with five or more employees must document the key conclusions of the risk assessment in writing. This document should include information about any risks identified during the risk assessment, as well as the steps taken to mitigate or remove the risk. 


This document serves as verification that the evaluation was completed, as well as a foundation for a subsequent review of working procedures. The risk evaluation is still a work in progress. It should be readable to you. It should not be kept hidden in a closet.


  1. Examine the risk assessment again:


A risk assessment must be reviewed regularly to verify that agreed-upon safe working practices are followed (e.g., that supervisors and line managers follow management's safety instructions); and to account for any new working practices, new machinery, or more demanding work objectives.


(You can also read: Risk Management in Cloud Computing)


When should one do a risk assessment?


Prior to carrying out a given activity or task, an adequate and sufficient risk assessment must be carried out to eliminate, mitigate, or appropriately control any related risk to the health, safety, and well-being of those participating with (or impacted by) the task/activity in question. 


Once completed, a risk assessment should be evaluated regularly (in proportion to the amount of risk involved) and if the present assessment is no longer valid and/or significant changes to the specific activity or job have occurred. 


Following an accident, incident, or illness, relevant risk assessments should be reviewed to see if the control measures and level of estimated risk are suitable or need to be changed.




Processes and technology that assist discover, analyzing, and reporting any risk-related issue are used in risk assessment. The discovery, analysis, appraisal, and prioritizing of present and potential hazards are all part of risk management. This enables businesses to handle loss exposures, track risk control, and manage financial resources to reduce the negative consequences of a prospective loss. 


Furthermore, a sound risk management plan allows them to optimize the realization of potential risk-avoidance possibilities.

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