Machine Learning vs Deep Learning: How are They Different?

  • Riya Kumari
  • Nov 08, 2020
  • Deep Learning
  • Machine Learning
Machine Learning vs Deep Learning: How are They Different? title banner

Machine Learning and Deep Learning are the two terms that are among the hottest topics in the field of technology. You must have heard of the term ‘Artificial Intelligence’, so both machine learning and deep learning are parts of Artificial Intelligence or AI. Also, deep learning is a subdivision of machine learning


Machine learning uses a bunch of calculations to break down and interpret information, gain from it, and dependent on the learnings, settle on the most ideal choices. If we see deep learning, then it structures the calculations into numerous layers to create an “artificial neural network” and this neural network can gain from the information and settle on intelligent choices on its own. 


Machine learning is an Artificial Intelligence technique, and deep learning is a machine learning technique. So, are you still confused with these two terms? Here, we have collected all the details related to machine learning and deep learning that will clear all your doubts. These two concepts always coincide. 


So, here in this blog, we will discuss in detail how machine learning is different from deep learning. Also, you will get to know in detail about machine learning and deep learning, the difference between machine learning and deep learning, where these two are being applied, the future of machine learning and deep learning, and many more things. So, let’s start to learn something new about these two trendy topics.


What exactly is Machine Learning?


Machine Learning is an application of AI which helps in giving systems the capacity to automatically memorize and enhance from experience without being explicitly programmed. Machine learning concentrates on the advancement of computer programs that can access information and use it to find out on their own. In simple words, we can say that they continuously expand their action on a task without being reprogrammed. 


It is being used in a broad range of areas like art, science, and finance. We have numerous algorithms that are used for machine learning such as Decision Tree, Random Forests, Find- S, and Artificial Neural Networks.


Mostly, there are three kinds of learning algorithms in machine learning;


  1. Supervised Machine Learning Algorithms- It makes forecasts. Also, this calculation looks for patterns within the worth names that were doled out to information points.


  1. Unsupervised Machine Learning Algorithms- No marks are related to information points. Additionally, these machine learning algorithms sort out the information into a gathering of groups. Besides, it needs to portray its structure and make complex information appear simple and governed for analysis.


  1. Reinforcement Machine Learning Algorithms- We utilize these calculations to pick an activity. Likewise, we can see that it depends on every information point. After some time, the calculation alters its technique to understand better. (Most related: Fundamentals to Reinforcement Learning- its Characteristics, Elements, and Applications)


“We are entering a new world. The technologies of machine learning, speech recognition, and natural language understanding are reaching a nexus of capability. The result is that we’ll soon have artificially intelligent assistants to help us in every aspect of our lives” -Amy Stapleton


What is Deep Learning?


Deep learning is an Artificial Intelligence function that emulates the workings of the mortal brain in filtering information and building structures for use in decision making. It can understand without human oversight, drawing from information that is both undeveloped and unlabeled. You may already have encountered the consequences of a top to bottom deep learning program without even acknowledging it. 


Whenever you watch Netflix (Read our blog on Data handling with Netflix), you have presumably observed its suggestions for what to watch. Furthermore, some real-time music services pick melodies dependent on what you have tuned in to previously or tunes you have offered the go-ahead to or hit the "like" button for. So, both of those abilities depend on deep learning


Likewise, Google's voice recognition and picture recognition calculations use deep learning. Deep learning permits machines to take care of complex issues even when utilizing an informational collection that is extremely different, unstructured, and associates. The more deep learning calculations learn, the more adequately they accomplish.


Differences Between Machine Learning and Deep Learning


Now, let’s drive towards Machine learning versus Deep learning. As we all know that both machine learning and deep learning are parts of Artificial Intelligence. So, in simple words, we can say that these two mimic the way the human brain learns. The primary contrast is thus the sort of algorithms used for each situation, although deep learning is more like human learning as it works with neurons. As compared to machine learning, deep learning takes more time to train. 


Machine learning needs the limited tuning capability for hyperparameter tuning whereas deep learning can be tuned in numerous ways. In machine learning the outlet is in a numerical pattern for division and scoring applications whereas in deep learning the outlet can be in any pattern comprising free form elements like free sound and text. Yet not cleared?


Here, we will discuss in detail about five major differences between machine learning and deep learning.


  1. Time

You would expect, because of the tremendous informational indexes a deep learning system is needed. And because there are endless boundaries and muddled numerical equations included, a deep learning system can set aside a great deal of effort to prepare. Machine learning can take as limited time as a couple of moments to a couple of hours, though deep learning can take a couple of hours to half a month.


  1. Human Intervention

Though with the machine learning system, a human needs to recognize and hand-code the applied highlights dependent on the information type. However, a deep learning system attempts to become familiar with those highlights without extra human mediation.


  1. Approach

Algorithms utilized in machine learning will in general parse information in parts, at that point those parts are consolidated to concoct an outcome or explanation. Whereas deep learning systems glance at a whole issue or situation all at once. If we take an example then, if you need a program to distinguish specific items in a picture, you would need to experience two stages with machine learning that is object location and afterwards object recognition. Then again, with the deep learning program, you would input the picture, and with preparation, the program would restore both the distinguished items and their area in the picture in one result.


  1. Applications

As we have discussed these points there is no need to go into detail about applications as you must have found out that machine learning and deep learning systems have different applications. (Click here to learn the daily life applications of machine learning)


  1. Hardware

Because of the measure of information being handled and the complexness of the numerical computations implicated with the calculations utilized, deep learning systems need significantly more impressive equipment than modest machine learning systems. Graphical preparing units or GPUs is the one sort of equipment used for deep learning. Machine learning projects can run on lower-end machines without as much computing power.


Now, let's catch a glimpse of where Machine Learning and Deep Learning are being applied;


  • Information Retrieval- We use machine learning and deep learning for applications such as search engines, both text and image search.

  • Computer Vision- If we talk about this point then we use this for various applications such as facial recognition and number plate identification, and many more. (Related article: Computer vision defining surveillance)

  • Marketing- This is for applications such as target identification, and automated email marketing.

  • Medical Diagnosis- In the medical area, it has a use in huge numbers and it is for applications such as cancer identification.

  • NLP- We use NLP or Natural Language Processing for applications like photo tagging and sentiment analysis.


There are many more areas where we apply machine learning and deep learning like online advertising, and many more.


Future of Machine Learning and Deep Learning


The demand for machine learning and deep learning is continuously increasing. They are in need especially for corporations who expect to endure to combine machine learning in their industry. The opportunities for machine learning and deep learning in the coming days are almost endless. 


The expanded use of robots is guaranteed, in assembling as well as in manners that can improve our regular daily existences in both major and minor ways. The medical care industry additionally will probably change, as deep learning assists specialists with doing things like to foresee or recognize cancer prior, which can save lives.


On the budgetary front, machine learning and deep learning are ready to help organizations and even people save money, contribute all the more carefully, and allot assets all the more proficiently. Also, these three regions are just the start of future patterns for machine learning and deep learning. 


"Deep learning is already working in Google search and image search; it allows you to image-search a term like 'hug.' It's used to getting you Smart Replies to your Gmail. It's in speech and vision. It will soon be used in machine translation, I believe" -Geoffrey Hinton


Numerous zones that will be improved are still just a sparkle in designers' minds at present. So, in the future machine learning and deep learning are going to surprise us, and researchers are continuously exploring machine learning and deep learning.





Ideally, this blog has given you all the essentials concerning machine learning versus deep learning. Along with that we also read in detail about machine learning, deep learning, its future expectations, and a brief look at machine learning and deep learning major differences. 

So, we can say that machine learning uses algorithms to parse information, gain from that information, and settle on educated choices dependent on what it has realized. Deep learning structures calculations in layers to make an "artificial neural network" that can learn and settle wondered choices all alone. In the coming future, we will surely discern many more exciting things related to machine learning and deep learning.