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10 Types of Digital Art

  • Yashoda Gandhi
  • Dec 09, 2021
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Digital art may be generated, scanned, and drawn using a tablet and a mouse. Thanks to improvements in digital technology, it was possible to download video into computers in the 1990s, allowing artists to edit images shot with a video camera. Alongside digital art, we have seen various examples of digital technology.


Artists were able to make visual collages by clipping and pasting within moving images, something they had never been able to do with film before.


Harold Cohen, a pioneering digital artist, developed the term "digital art" in the early 1980s when computer engineers produced paint software that he used. 


AARON was created, a robotic machine capable of producing large drawings on sheets of paper put out on the floor. Since this early attempt into artificial intelligence, Cohen has continued to fine-tune the AARON algorithm as technology develops.


Digital art is a form of art that mainly depends on the usage of technology to create it. It's mostly utilized in commercial and cinema visual effects. Digital art can take several forms; most commonly, it is entirely computer produced, painted with various types of software, or digital paintings based on photographs.



Types of digital art


It's crucial to understand the many sorts of digital art before becoming serious about it.


As the years pass, it appears that more sorts of digital art are being created. Of course, we can't say it's completely surprising, given how rapidly technology advances each year.


While there are many other forms of digital art, we've chosen to focus on 10 of the most popular right now since it's likely that you've heard of most of them before, making it easier for you to grasp them as you go through this article.


  1. Fractal/Algorithmic Art


Take a moment to think about the last time you sat in front of a computer. Did the screen transform into a strange geometric design that seemed like a work of art after a few minutes? It's conceivable you were looking at some sort of fractal or algorithmic art. 


So, what exactly are these strange patterns? Patterns that repeat forever are known as fractals. The more these simple patterns are repeated, the more intricate they become. Fractals may be found in nature as well as on your computer screen, and they come in a range of forms and sizes.


Flowers, for example, contain layers upon layers of petals organised in a certain arrangement. Veins in leaves branch out in a variety of configurations. Snowflakes are beautiful examples of natural patterns, but to view the crystal formation, you'll need to inspect them under a microscope.



  1. Data-Moshing


Data-moshing is a method of destroying video clips in order to generate a glitch effect in which frames that should change do not. It's particularly evident between cuts and when moving in a straight line.


"Data­-moshing is the process of corrupting, erasing, or changing I-frames, causing P-frames to be applied to the incorrect image," according to datamoshing.com.


Perhaps you've seen Miley Cyrus' "Wrecking Ball" or other viral data-moshed videos. Data-moshing has become a trendy approach that can make a video stand out, regardless of where it originates from.



  1. Dynamic Painting


Dynamic painting is a type of digital art in which the art or picture is created by an autonomous system, such as a computer, with very little manual effort involved in the process.


Dynamic painting is the most sophisticated and cutting-edge kind of digital art. Historically, art was thought to have been produced by man's hands, and it was considered that art would remain in that realm.


Modernity and the Industrial Revolution, on the other hand, gave rise to technology and the adoption of new ways for transforming physical labour into mental labour, where manual workers' jobs were demolished and replaced by the application of specialised talents to run capitalist giants' machinery. (Source)



  1. 2D/3D Computer Graphics


Both in terms of conception and ultimate effect, 2D and 3D graphics are significantly distinct from one another. 2D graphics have height and breadth at their most basic level, whereas 3D graphics provide a layer of depth that adds realism.


2D visuals are most commonly associated with classic cartoons. 2D visuals are common in animation and video games because they provide a realistic yet flat perspective of movement on the screen.


3D images create genuine depth, allowing viewers to look into places, see the movement of light and shadows, and obtain a better comprehension of what is being displayed. 3D motion graphics take use of the brain's innate desire to investigate what it sees and expand our knowledge of the world.


(Related reading: 3D Printing Technology)



  1. Pixel Art


Pixel art isn't simply pixel art; it's art that looks like early computer and video game images, for example, 3D images used in virtual reality games.


Because it was hard to hide the small rectangles that comprised the worlds of Space Invaders and Donkey Kong in early computer games, pixel art evolved out of necessity.


Artists working on video games in the 1970s and 1980s had to go beyond the box and distil visuals to their essence. Mario's headgear would be represented by a few red pixels, while his hands or face would be represented by one or two pixels.



  1. Digital Photography


Photography literally translates to "light painting." The act of painting with light onto a digital sensor is referred to as digital photography. 


It's essentially the same as classic film photography, except that instead of a piece of side film at the rear of the camera, an electronic sensor functions in a similar manner. The ability to adjust grain quality, ISO, and just suck in more light as technology improves are all advantages of this.


Instant gratification is another advantage of digital photography. On the back of your screen, you may see the photograph you just took. It speeds up the learning process in general since you can see where you went wrong right away instead of having to wait for the film to be processed and the prints to be made.


(Suggested reading: What is 3D Bioprinting?)



  1. Digital collage


A digital collage is an art form in which a range of virtual pictures and textures from various sources are pieced and layered together to produce a new work of art. Artists have infinite options with their paintings because of the abundance of materials available on the internet.


Using a digital medium allows us more flexibility. Do you lack the necessary items to make a collage? Traditional charm may still be found in digital collages. 


Simply use a variety of applications and tools, such as Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator, to alter the photographs you've acquired. You may also make collages on your phone using an app such as Picsart.



  1. 2D/3D digital painting


The practise of painting on a tablet and making artwork digitally on a computer is known as digital painting. Many artists choose digital painting since it is less expensive in the long run (fewer materials) and is required in the fields of animation, illustration, and 2D game art.


Painting a texture directly onto a 3D object is known as 3D painting. This procedure is comparable to 2D painting, but it necessitates texturing and dealing with 3D elements. Adobe's Substance Painter 2 and Pixologic's Zbrush are the most popular 3D painting programs. (Source)



  1. Raster painting


Raster paints are yet another prominent kind of digital art. This is a type of digital painting that has gained popularity due to its striking similarity to traditional hand painting. Since other types of digital art produced a more virtual appearance of illustrations, traditionality has always been valued more than virtual illustration.


Because the sketch is done in strokes, it seems like a real painting. Given the characteristics, not everyone can create raster paintings without first learning how to use a brush in real life before bringing it to the computer.



  1. Computer  generated painting


Computer-generated art is art created with a computer. Typically, the term refers to works created only via the use of a computer. It's a form of computer-generated artwork.


Computer-generated graphics, sometimes known as computer-generated imagery (CGI) in the film business, are widely used in movies.


For frugal artists, more cheap computers and software provide various benefits. A PC and the odd trip to the copy shop might be an appealing alternative to the cost of oils, an easel, and canvases.





A work of art or a technique that incorporates digital technology into the creative or presenting process is known as digital art. Digital art methods are widely employed by the mainstream media in ads and by filmmakers to create visualization. (learn more about data visualization techniques)


Though the word technically refers to art created using different media or methods that has been scanned in, it is typically reserved for art that has been significantly altered by a digital process.


Digital art is art that is created or displayed using digital technology. This covers computer-generated graphics as well as hand-drawn images scanned into a computer and polished using software. There are a variety of great software programmes that may assist you in creating digital art.

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