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What is a Business Analyst? Roles, Skills and Responsibilities

  • Riya Kumari
  • Nov 25, 2020
  • Updated on: Mar 09, 2021
What is a Business Analyst? Roles, Skills and Responsibilities title banner

Business analysis, business analyst are very well-known terms nowadays. But, do you know what exactly a business analyst is or who is a business analyst? So, here you will get the answers to these questions.


Business analysts are the people who play a very keen role in the progress of any industry. They are the one who is responsible for maintaining the coordination between IT Cell and the Business.


They collect all the data which is business-related and then combine it and form conclusions about what is good for the business and what is not. In this way, they make the progression faster and easier.


In this blog we will mainly discuss: 

  1. Who is a business analyst
  2. What a business analyst does
  3. Skills needed to become a good business analyst
  4. Difference between a business analyst and data analyst
  5. How to become a business analyst



Who is a Business Analyst


Business analysts have appeared to be a crucial part of recent business scenarios. Are you also among those who think that the role of business analysts is to make money for the company?


Yes, it is true but not directly as the action and decision making of business analysts leave an impact on the financial prospects of the company. Business Analysts work inside a company to assess current systems and create vital plans. This requires deep information on both the particular business and industry patterns.


Therefore, a critical part of the business analyst job is conveying plans between internal departments and external stakeholders. The role of the business analyst is to present change in an association.


Change may incorporate evasion of expenses, recognizing new chances, acknowledging and making new advantages, and many more.


Business analysts create or update computer systems to figure out business requirements. Business analysts are the one who gives necessities to the IT division to deliver this new mechanical system and aids the testing and usage of the system.  


Companies employ business analysis for several reasons like to comprehend the structure and the elements of the association wherein a system is to be conveyed and to guarantee that the client, end client, and designers have a typical comprehension of the objective association.


(Most related: 8 Most Popular Business Analysis Techniques used by Business Analyst)


Business Analyst Skills


Basically, a good business analyst should understand that there is a need to have a combination of both hard and soft skills and they are judged on these skills. Being a victorious business analyst implies that you have to have a mixture of numerous skills and be flexible to a shifting environment.


So, let's have a look at some of the skills which you need if you want to become a good business analyst.


  1. Leadership skills

So, you must have understood what this point is going to speak about. If you want to become a good business analyst then you have to know how to deal with different people.


You need to supervise team partners, forecast the budget, support squad members with difficulties, and many more such tasks. You have to feel confident in a leadership role to earn acceptance for strategies from administrators in the corporation.


  1. Technical skills

Business analysts may utilize a wide scope of technical programs, comprising programs for charting, information crunching, wireframing, the board of necessities, and for the introduction of results.


To an ever-increasing extent, business analysts are expanding their specialized capability with information on computer programming, huge information mining methods, and data set administration.


So, in simple words, we can say that if a business analyst is in the IT department then few technical factors are required to learn such as operating systems, hardware capacities, database concepts, networking, and many more.


(Recommend blog: Dark side of Information Technology (IT) Industry)


The image is signifying the skills needed to become good business analyst like Communication, Leadership, Technical, Analytical and Business Knowledge

Business Analyst skills


  1. Analytical skills

Excellent analytical skills will cleanse a good business analyst. So, a favorable part of the business analyst position encompasses analyzing data, workflow, user or stakeholders inputs, and so on for determining which course of action will benefit the business issue. Strong analytical skills are beneficial in executing the business analyst’s job properly. 


  1. Communication skill

Business Analysts have to work in groups, so he/she needs to be good at communication. They have to receive information and submit it to wide-ranging stakeholders in the corporation, translate and negotiate between groups, and communicate explanations conveniently.


Fluent language skills and written communication abilities being integral for thriving in a business analyst career hence if one wants to be a good business analyst they have to improve their writing and speaking skills. 


  1. Business knowledge and essential thinking

Business Analysts must comprehend numerous aspects of the organization for whom they are working. They should have the option to comprehend the parts of various people and offices, and how these offices communicate and rely upon one another.


They should likewise comprehend the single association in a more extensive set of the whole business. This business information will at that point permit them to effectively break down information focuses and construct vital designs for what's to come.


There are many more skills needed for becoming a good business analyst such as you need to understand your objectives, good listening skills, the ability to run stakeholder meetings, hone your presentation skill, learn time management, develop your modeling skill, stakeholder management, and many more.


What Does a Business Analyst Do?


A business analyst investigates sets of information searching for approaches to expand proficiency in a corporation. Thus, in this way the business analyst frequently goes about as a contact between various divisions in an organization, discovering approaches to smooth out cycles all through the corporation. 


The business analyst must have the option to discuss well with these various groups in the company, once in a while going about as a representative, and introducing arrangements in manners that colleagues and stakeholders will comprehend. 


Business Analysts may convey a wide range of arrangements, including new strategies, information models, flowcharts, or key plans. A professional business analyst plays a massive part in pushing a company toward efficiency, productivity, and profitability. Business Analyst take part in four primary kinds of analysis-


  • Strategic Planning- distinguishing changing requirements of an organization.

  • Business model analysis- characterizing arrangements and market approaches.

  • Process design- normalizing work processes.

  • System analysis- understanding of necessities for the IT division.


There are different business analyst roles and it can be from any area, and the position varies based on the area. So, business analysts are categorized into numerous sectors such as Business Analyst, System Analyst, Business Process Analyst, IT Business Analyst, Business System Analyst, Usability or UX Analyst, Data Analyst, and Functional Architect.



Business Analyst vs Data Analyst



Business Analyst

Data Analyst


Business analysts adopt data for identifying issues and solutions, yet they don’t perform a deep technical analysis for the data, operating at a conceptual level by defining approaches and interacting with stakeholders, being mainly concerned with the data’s business associations. 


Data analysts spend their majority of time in accumulating raw data from multiple sources, clearing and revamping it, and affixing a range of specialized techniques for extracting effective information and forming conclusions.


Business analysts hold extensive experience in domains or industries like healthcare, e-commerce, or manufacturing, they depend less on the technical aspects of analysis

Data analysts put more emphasis on the technical aspects of the analysis


Business analysts need to be adept in modeling and gathering requirements

Data analysts require secure business intelligence and data mining skills, alongside dexterity with popular technologies like AI and machine learning.


For business analysts, a proper business administration background becomes a useful advantage, with many business analysts emerging from computer science, business, IT, management, or related field backgrounds

In the case of data analysts, a background in information technology or math is preferred since an understanding of complex statistics, databases, and algorithms are required. 



How to Become a Business Analyst?


A business analyst is accountable for understanding a business's evolving needs and giving mechanical answers to improve its cycles and systems. Therefore, a business analyst is frequently considered as the connection between the business and IT divisions.


Below you will find some of the necessary steps to become a business analyst :


  1. Get an undergraduate degree in business administration, finance, or accounting

Beyond your four-year certification in business, you will need to get familiar with some computer programming. Several business analyst jobs require various degrees of technical proficiency. However, the more computer abilities you have, the better you will look as a candidate.


  1. Gain work experience

You can pick up involvement with a volunteer function with a little organization first, or make the most of summer entry-level position openings. If you are already working with an organization in an alternate job, offer to chip away at the sort of ventures that business analysts embrace.


There are numerous adaptable abilities to filling in as a business analyst, and the function of a business examiner is wide-running. 


People can enter the field either with information on a particular business space, for example, work process, charging, or client relations, or with information in an industry.


For example, money, media communications, or government. Whenever you are recruited as a section-level business investigator, make a point to pick up experience across various kinds of undertakings; later, you can spend significant time in the area or industry you are especially intrigued by.


  1. Earn a Master’s degree or obtain an advanced certificate

Numerous colleges offer master's degrees and graduate certificates in business analyst, which normally contains courses for business data analytics, tasks research, data set analytics, and predictive analytics.


For those with advanced knowledge of business analysts, the International Institute of Business Analysis offers a professional certificate called the Certified Business Analysis Professional.


(Related article: 7 Steps of Business Analytics Process)


"Business analysts must have a thick skin: thick enough to take feedback on documents and receive unexpected answers to questions!" - Laura Brandenburg





We can say that business analysts are an important part of any organization. In simple words, the business analyst's fundamental goal is enabling companies to cost-effectively execute technology solutions by specifying the conditions of a program and conveying them certainly to stakeholders, partners, and facilitators. 


There are several different factors to the job, business analysts commonly pursue a structure of analysis group, proposing remedies, and then carrying out these treatments in the shape of modern or modified technology in business. 


(Also read: 5 Ways in which Big Data Analytics is helping businesses). 


A business analyst will be expected to conduct polls, and workshops, communicate with partners to know the necessities of the company, work with stakeholders to know the service or product provided, analyze and model data to produce decisions. 


Therefore, business analysts must continue to enhance their positions and stay abreast of technological improvements to stay relevant.

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