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Data Science For IoT- How and Why?

  • Neelam Tyagi
  • May 05, 2020
  • Updated on: Mar 25, 2021
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Swift growth in software, hardware, and communication devices and technologies has obliged the evolution of Internet-connected devices that give observations and data calculation from the physical world. It is predicted that the total sum of Internet-connected devices being deployed would be around 25-50 billion by the end of 2020. 


The volume of published data will be extending as the number of devices grows and technologies become more engaging. This blog renders


  1. The Hype behind IoT and Hype Cycle of IoT.

  2. A glance at IoT published data, 

  3. The difference between traditional and IoT data science, and 

  4. How and why transformation of IoT with data science takes place?



The Hype Behind the Internet of Things


“The Internet of Things (IoT) describes the network of physical objects—“things”—that are embedded with sensors, software, and other technologies for the purpose of connecting and exchanging data with other devices and systems over the internet. These devices range from ordinary household objects to sophisticated industrial tools. With more than 7 billion connected IoT devices today, experts are expecting this number to grow to 10 billion by 2020 and 22 billion by 2025.” - Oracle believed


The main objective of the Internet of Things is to build a smarter environment, and an easier life-style by saving time, money, and energy. With IoT, the expenses in various industries can economize. The gigantic investments and thorough studies conducting on IoT have made it a developing trend in recent times. 


In simple terms, IoT is an array of internet-connected devices that transfer data amid one another in order to amend their performance, these are automated actions without human intervention or input. IoT has four main elements;


  • Sensors,
  • Processing networks,
  • Analyzing data, and
  • Monitoring the system


The Hype Cycle of IoT


In order to represent the emerging technologies over time, a hype cycle is used, it highlights the technologies with a substantial effect on industries, society, and people closed to the next 5-10 years.


According to Gartner’s “this year involves technologies that deliver a global low-latency internet, make an implicit map of the real world, and imitates human inspiration.” 


Here’s a hype cycle of numerous technologies, as per Gartner, published on 18 August 2020; It includes five emerging trends that are;


  1. Composite architectures

  2. Algorithmic trust

  3. Beyond silicon

  4. Formative artificial intelligence (AI)

  5. Digital me

Displaying the hype cycle of top emerging technologies, 2020

Hype cycle of Emerging Technologies for 2020, Source


IoT Published Data 


IoT data is eminently unstructured that drives it more difficult to decipher with conventional analytics and business intelligence tools that are devised to analyze structured data. (This is “how” big data shaping up IoT)


IoT data is accumulated from numerous devices that commonly report noisy processes such as temperature, motion, or sound. The data produced from these devices can intermittently have consequential gaps, perverted messages, and incorrect readings that must be eliminated before analyzing. Also, IoT data is often substantial in the particular of extra, third party data inputs. 


For example, in order to hand farmers identify when to water their crops, grapes irrigation systems generally cultivate the moisture-sensor data along with rainfall data from the vineyard that enables more efficient water management while exaggerating harvest yield.


( Suggested Blog: Applications of IoT in Agriculture)



Conventional Data Science vs IoT Data Science


1. Conventional Data Science provides assistance to businesses depending on fixed data, but now a huge competition in the business world is going to escalate. For this goal, the latest and intelligent technologies are in-demand. Therefore, several businesses are now considering it crucial to invest in IoT Data Science.


2. In Conventional Data Science, the analytics are more static and limited to use, even received information may not be revied so the outcome obtained by processing may not be valuable or adaptable. 


On the other side, as IoT data is obtained in real-time, the analytics complement the newest trends of the market that make these analytics more convenient and smart enough ss compared to conventional ones.


3. More or less but processing complex information is not handy, since several sensor sources are connected within an IoT ecosystem, and differentiating between multiple sensor points and outer components for adding to the data points. 


Also, as more technology elements are combined or integrated with the IoT ecosystem, it further becomes tough to arrange and transform the multitudes of producing data which is not processed with Conventional  Data Science. Therefore, only IoT Data Science can scale up and have the ability to comprehend IoT-published data. (facts adopted from



How and Why the Transformation of IoT With Data Science Takes Place?


Data science for IoT-network, IoT applications, and data embraces a much different culture than the science and statistics applied to traditional data. Here are the ways that participate in transformation and processing in IoT with data science;


1. Engaging with hardware


This is the most underrated aspect of IoT data analytics. IoT network incorporates a wide range of devices and a myriad of radio technologies. As IoT is a fastly emerging network it demands an emphasis on a huge range of industries including healthcare, retail, smart homes, transportation, etc.


IoT flourishes technologies like LoRa, LTE-M, Sigfox, etc, e.g. implementation of 5G network has both local and wide-area connectivity.  


2. Edge processing


Under conventional data science, huge amounts of data often rely on the cloud, not on an IoT. In fact, IoT needs edge data processing. With edge computing, data storage is transferred to where it is required that leads in augmenting and efficiency of outcomes upon which decisions are taken.


3. Deep Learning


Deep learning has an imperative role in IoT analytics it can aid in relieving danger like conquering complete data for an anomaly in analytics, regulating data sensors regularly to obtain impactful results, etc. 


Consider the instance of Cameras as sensors, then the CNN algorithm as a deep learning application can be used for security applications. Reinforcement learning also has applications in IoT.  

highlighting the various aspect through which IoT got transformed using data science.

How data science is different for IoT

4. Real-time transformation 


IoT comprises massive and swift data, so real-time applications can give original cooperation with IoT and data science. Most of the IoT applications such as Twitter streaming process, Smart grid, and Fleet management have required specific analytics on huge data streaming, so using some methods to process data and maximized outcomes are following;


  • Real-time tagging: Data may be unstructured as collected for various sources, so to drag information from such noisy data is to categorize data as it comes.
  • Real-time aggregation: Whenever data is collected and processed over a sliding time window, it is a real-time aggregation of data. For example, identify the pattern of the user logging behavior for 10 seconds and compare it to the last 10 months to find deviation. 
  • Real-time physical interrelationship: When data is used to explore upcoming events on the basis of time and place, or real-time business occasions from huge-scale data that social media streamed out.    


5. Particular Analytical models  


IoT-network demands an insistence and priority on various models that rely on IoT verticals. In traditional data science, a variety of algorithms are implemented, but for IoT, time series models are deployed such as ARIMA, Moving Average, Holt-Winters, etc. The basic difference is the volume of data but also complex real-time implementation for the same model, so the use of models shifts over IoT verticals.     


For instance in manufacturing: predictive supply, inconsistency detection, forecasting, and lost event interpolation are prevalent, but in telecoms: conventional models like churn modeling, upsell model, cross-over sell, lifetime value of user incorporates IoT as an input.  (took reference from)





The Internet of Things is noteworthy in various ways, also it manipulates data and helps in drawing meaning insights and provides valuable solutions to organizations when blending with forces of data. IoT and data both are intently linked and enable the development and transformation of several businesses in the digital world.


Since the organizations are continuously moving to adopt an agile and flexible work environment that is only possible when elite technology is embraced. Smart transformation and examining data is the essential key to develop a smart IoT ecosystem.

Latest Comments

  • william

    Mar 25, 2021

    Great article about role of iot data science. Also this article given detailed information about iot analytics. Thanks for sharing this article with us.