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How is 5G Network Impacting IoT?

  • Yashoda Gandhi
  • Nov 18, 2021
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IoT is an abbreviation for the Internet of Things. The IoT is fast evolving and increasing. Many things that were only a few years or even months ago are now becoming a reality. However, bandwidth has always been a limiting concern. The range of cellular networks is good, however, the bandwidth is restricted. 


On the other hand, Wi-Fi technology has a high bandwidth but a limited range and might be difficult to protect. One factor that might change this is the emergence of 5G. 5G will vastly enhance cellular capacity, making it much easier for the Internet of Things to connect massive numbers of devices. 


The Internet of Things (IoT) is a system of interconnected, internet-connected gadgets that can gather and send data across a wireless network without human involvement. Businesses are currently inspired by IoT and the potential of raising revenue, lowering operational costs, and enhancing efficiency. (In case you want to understand more about IoT technology and examples of IoT follow the links.)


Businesses are also motivated by the need to comply with regulatory requirements. IoT device deployments, for whatever purpose, provide the data and insights required to improve workflows, visualize use trends, automate operations, satisfy regulatory needs, and compete more effectively in a changing business environment.


About 5G Network


Before we get into how IoT has influenced 5G networks, let's first go through the fundamentals of a 5G network. 5G refers to the fifth generation of mobile networks. After 1G, 2G, 3G, and 4G networks, it is a new worldwide wireless standard. 5G offers a new type of network capable of connecting nearly everyone and everything, including machines, objects, and gadgets.


5G wireless technology is intended to provide more users with better multi-Gbps peak data rates, super-low latency, increased dependability, huge network capacity, enhanced availability, and a more consistent user experience. Higher performance and efficiency enable new user experiences while also connecting new industries.


(Similar reading: Li-Fi technology)


What does 5G mean to IoT?


The Internet of Things (IoT) and 5G technologies are more than just a new generation of wireless technology. It marks a watershed moment in the mobile ecosystem, releasing a potent mix of incredible speed, greater bandwidth, low latency, and better power efficiency that will power billions of new connections over the next five years, transforming our world.


For the Internet of Things, 5G has been a game-changer. It's launching a vast IoT ecosystem in which networks can support billions of linked devices while balancing speed, latency, and cost. 


5G allows for faster, more reliable, and secure communication, which is helping to advance everything from self-driving cars to smart grids for renewable energy and AI-enabled manufacturing robots.


5G is expected to provide much higher speeds and a more stable connection to mobile devices than any previous network. 


However, 5G is about more than just high-speed internet. The potential to transfer more data at a quicker rate will drive unprecedented growth in Internet of Things (IoT) technology initiatives.


Recommend reading : AI in IoT - Benefits and Applications


With connection at the center of industry change, 5G will play a critical role not only in the evolution of communication but also in the growth of enterprises and society. 


Operators will need to do more than simply modernize networks to prepare for 5G; they will need to restructure their businesses to take advantage of new opportunities.


The Internet of Things provides fertile ground for both operators and businesses to innovate and find new methods to engage their end customers. The capacity to develop innovative services with a rapid time-to-market from concept to a commercial offering, as well as the correct business models and access to a diverse array of complementary offers from ecosystem partners, will be critical success factors. (In similar way, you may understand different applications of IoT in daily lives)


8 Impacts of 5G on IoT


  1. Speeds of data transfer


Any IoT's economic success is ultimately determined by its performance, which is determined by how rapidly it can connect with other IoT devices, smartphones and tablets, software in the form of an app or a website, and other factors. 


Data-transfer rates will considerably improve with 5G. 5G is expected to be 10 times faster than existing LTE networks, according to sources. With this boost in speed, IoT devices will be able to converse and share data more quickly than ever before.


  1. The use of artificial intelligence (AI) improves traffic control


Consider how a smart city with tens of thousands of cameras could help people avoid traffic accidents or find parking spots. Furthermore, self-driving vehicles will begin to gain traction. 


5G networking combined with IoT allows automobiles to communicate with one another and with their surroundings, lowering the chance of collisions and enabling considerably more efficient traffic patterns. 


By combining all of these factors, traffic bottlenecks will be reduced, travel times will be shortened, and energy will be saved by lowering the length of time cars must idle at red lights or wait in lines. 


(Related reading: Uses of IoT in traffic management)


  1. Slicing a Network


The ability to construct virtual networks is one of the finest aspects of 5G. Subnets with differing traffic priorities will be created as a result of this. 


In a hospital, for example, the network may be programmed to prioritize a link between a surgeon and a robot over, say, patient communications. Even if the network reaches capacity, emergency transmissions can be preserved.


  1. Retail


Imagine strolling into a store and having your phone or, better yet, your AR glasses tell you exactly where the item you're searching for is located.


Imagine being able to gaze at a dress and having your gear generate a virtual reality image of how it would seem on you. 


Smart tags and digital signs will make shopping easier and more enjoyable. Finally, there may be garment printers that take your measurements and produce items in your size quickly.


If you're headed to a restaurant, 5G and the Internet of Things will allow your phone to connect to the network and send the number of people in your party, any food allergies, and other information to the hostess before you ever enter the establishment.


  1. Integrated supply chains


Thanks to IoT in manufacturing, factories, and warehouses are already employing real-time tracking for inventory control and to track components, goods, and equipment throughout the full cycle. 


5G offers the capacity to follow a product from manufacture to end-user in real-time, without having to check it in or out, and with the vendor being notified when a product is delivered... and when one is "lost in the mail." 


Supply chain integration will save costs, improve customer service, and decrease product loss in transit.


If inexpensive enough, such 5G tags might also help law enforcement track down lost packages, reducing porch banditry. It would enable the tracking of production bottlenecks and the improvement of procedures for the industry.


  1. Solution for smart cities and Buildings


As the number of connected devices grows, smart cities and buildings will be able to install many more sensors. Smart city sensors are now restricted; they're mounted on lampposts and crudely cover a large region. To be sure, 5G allows for the saturation of a region with tiny sensors, for better or worse.


This allows for a variety of applications, including detecting pedestrian movement and turning on illumination - with present systems, the lights may fail to identify a stationary person and switch off. 


The Internet of Things, on the other hand, will be able to transmit a lot more data thanks to 5G. Consider hospital beds that send physicians continuous updates on vital signs.


  1. Telehealth


Right now, telehealth is vulnerable to blackouts and bad connectivity for people who need it the most: individuals in remote regions where a doctor may be an hour's drive away.


5G will boost internet connections in rural places, perhaps allowing specialized surgeons to operate in small rural clinics by the robot. 


When combined with the personal medical kits now being developed, it will allow persons with contagious diseases to be diagnosed remotely, rather than needing to travel to an office or hospital and transmit the sickness.


  1. Greater Network Reliability


5G networks will run more reliably as a result of the increased speed, resulting in more robust connections. 


For any IoT, but especially for connected devices like locks, security cameras, and other monitoring systems that rely on real-time updates, having a dependable and stable network state is critical.


The next-generation network's high-speed connectivity, very low latency, and expanded coverage will be critical for IoT devices. Manufacturers must first invest in 5G-compatible products to benefit from these advancements.


Consumers will benefit from increased dependability of their connected devices as a result of a 5G network's capacity to accommodate more linked devices.


(Must check: What is the Role of IoT in the Fashion Industry?)


As a result, the 5G network will undoubtedly be a significant advancement in IoT. The 5G network has had a positive influence on IoT, but it also has drawbacks.


Over the next several years, the internet of things will revolutionize our lives, and 5G will enable considerably more far-reaching connections as it gradually rolls out. Our cities will get smarter, our automobiles will become wiser, and our shipments will notify us when they arrive at our front door.

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